What Is Grapefruit Good For?

The Gossip on Grapefruit
Botanical name: Citrus paradisi

Grape Fruit Nutrition Facts

If you're looking for a refreshing, juicy and tart burst of flavor, grapefruits certainly deliver. While they are large in comparison to other citrus fruits like the sweet orange,1 grapefruits are sometimes described as having a “bitter and sour punch”2, which is why not everyone is a fan of its flavor. However, if you choose the right variety, you’ll be taken it by its citrusy sweetness.   

Grapefruits can be consumed by themselves or added to any type of fruit or green salad. They're also a unique and delicious addition to salsa.3 These fruits have a smooth skin with fine dots all over it,4 but it's the color of the flesh inside that determines its classification as a white (blonde), pink or red grapefruit. Another variety is “oro blanco,” a cross between a white grapefruit and pomelo, described to be sweet with no hint of bitterness.5

Possibly a cross between an orange and a pomelo,6 grapefruits were discovered in Barbados and exported from that region a century later.7 They reached Florida in 1823, where they were widely cultivated. The state still produces the majority of the U.S. crop, with help from other subtropical states like California, Arizona and Texas.8 Brazil, China, Mexico and the U.S. are the major world suppliers of grapefruit and other citrus fruits.9

Some grapefruit varieties are puckeringly sour and bitter, and others succulently sweet. Some grapefruits are seedless, like the Marsh variety,10 but most contain a handful of white seeds.11 Heavier fruits often indicate thinner skin and juicier flesh. If they appear to have brown heavy bumps, they may be old, meaning the flesh can be bitter and unappetizing.12

Ripe grapefruits should be firm and give a bit when pressed, but not too spongy. Having soft spots indicates they’re on their way to turning rotten. Once they reach your kitchen, keep them at room temperature if they'll be eaten within 10 days.13 If you’ve peeled them and have leftovers, keep them refrigerated in plastic wrap — they should be consumed in the next three to four days.14 Before peeling a fresh grapefruit, always wash it thoroughly, as any germs on the outside can and will reach the edible part of the fruit.

You can section and eat grapefruits as you would an orange, but one popular way involves slicing them in half around the middle, using a paring knife to cut each section between the membranes, and removing with a spoon. This takes a minute, but it's worth it!15 The riper the grapefruit, the better the taste — and the antioxidant power it offers.

Health Benefits of Grapefruit

Grapefruits contain an incredibly healthy amount of vitamins, namely vitamins A and C.16 They are also a good source of dietary fiber,17 which decreases the transit time of waste in the colon.18

A wide assortment of other vitamins and minerals are part of this fruit's makeup, but one of the most vital is potassium,19 which is important for the makeup of cell and body fluids20,21 and in controlling the heart rate and blood pressure.22 Grapefruits contain folate, thiamin, vitamin B6, calcium and magnesium,23 as well as lesser amounts of many more phytonutrients like narirutin, naringin and poncirin.24

Vitamin C, of course, is associated with increased immunity to infection,25 as well as potential in alleviating inflammation,26 even in conditions like asthma,27 osteoarthritis28 and rheumatoid arthritis.29 Of all fruit juices, grape juice is ranked among the highest in antioxidants, but grapefruit juice follows closely behind it.30

Health experts advise including an assortment of fruit juices in your repertoire to achieve the optimum array of antioxidant power. Make sure you always choose 100% pure fruit juice — otherwise, you'll most likely be ingesting unwanted high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS).

In terms of differences between grapefruit varieties, red grapefruit contains more flavonoids and anthocyanins, while the nutritional difference between white and pink grapefruit is that the rosy flush reflects lycopene content not seen in white varieties.31 This is the same compound that provides the color in tomatoes, apricots, papaya and watermelon.32 Lycopene lowers triglycerides,33 contains the highest capacity among all the carotenoids to help fight free radical damage,34 and protects the skin from UV rays.35

Here's a dramatic statistic: A research study comparing men who ate lycopene-rich foods the most with those who ate the least, showed that those who eat these foods are 82% less likely to develop prostate cancer.36

Another study shows that eating grapefruit may lower the risk of developing kidney stones.37 Limonin, another phytonutrient, suppresses cancerous cell and tumor growth.38 The pectin in grapefruits inhibits hardening of the arteries and lowers the LDL or "bad" cholesterol, reducing it dramatically in a matter of days, even in low amounts.39 The flavonoid naringenin inhibits the hepatitis C virus, repairs DNA in prostate cancer cells and may prevent dyslipidemia (high blood cholesterol) and diabetes.40

Despite these benefits, be sure that you only consume grapefruit in moderation, as they contain fructose, which may be harmful to your health in excessive amounts. Also note that eating grapefruit may, in rare cases, interfere with certain medications, so you may want to discuss this with your doctor.41

Grapefruit Nutrition Facts

Serving Size: 3.5 ounces (100 grams), raw, white, all areas
  Amt. Per
Serving
 
Calories 33  
Calories from Fat 1  
Total Fat 0.10 g  
Saturated Fat 0.01 g  
Trans Fat    
Cholesterol 0 mg  
Sodium 0 mg  
Total Carbohydrates 8.41 g  
Dietary Fiber 1.1 g  
Sugar 7.31 g  
Protein 0.69 g  
Vitamin A 33.3 mg Vitamin C 3.33 mg
Calcium 12 mg Iron 0.06 mg

Studies on Grapefruit

A study analyzing grapefruit’s effect on insulin resistance, body weight and metabolic syndrome involved 91 obese patients in groups consuming placebos, apple juice, grapefruit juice, grapefruit capsules or fresh grapefruit. The fresh grapefruit group lost significantly more weight than the placebo group over 12 weeks.

Half of a fresh grapefruit eaten before meals also was associated with significant weight loss, improved insulin resistance and a reduction in two-hour post-glucose insulin level. Researchers concluded that, while the mechanism of the weight loss was unknown, eating grapefruit as part of a weight loss program made sense.42

Grapefruit, limonin, grapefruit pulp powder and the flavonoid naringen (similar to naringenin) were examined for their abilities to suppress the proliferation of and programmed death of colon cancer cells. The result: Only untreated grapefruit and limonin suppressed carcinogens or raised the cancer cell-neutralizing index.

Scientists concluded from these findings that eating grapefruit may help inhibit the development of colon cancer.43

Grapefruit Healthy Recipes:
Grapefruit and Arugula Salad with Avocado

Grapefruit Healthy Recipes

Ingredients:

5 ounces baby arugula

2 grapefruits, peeled and sectioned

1 avocado, sliced

 

For the dressing:

 

 

 

2 tablespoons white wine vinegar

1 tablespoon grapefruit juice

1 tablespoon grated fresh ginger

1 tablespoon grated fresh ginger

1 teaspoon grated grapefruit zest

1/2 teaspoon Dr. Mercola's Himalayan salt

1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil

Freshly ground black pepper

Procedure:

  1. Grate 1 teaspoon of zest from the grapefruit, reserving for the salad dressing.
  2. Peel the grapefruit by cutting off each end and working your knife around the perimeter. This method removes the membrane from all outside edges.

    Hold the peeled grapefruit in one hand over a bowl. Use a paring knife and in a sawing motion, cut each segment from the membrane on both sides. Let the juice drip into the bowl and place segments in another bowl.

  3. When all segments have been removed from both grapefruit halves, squeeze the remaining juice from the membranes and reserve 1 tablespoon of the juice for the dressing.
  4. To prepare the dressing, combine all ingredients except the oil in a bowl. Whisk to combine then slowly drizzle in the oil, whisking constantly until fully emulsified. Set aside.
  5. To prepare the salad, place the arugula in a large salad bowl. Toss with about half the dressing. Divide the greens among salad plates; top with grapefruit segments and sliced avocado. Drizzle with the remaining dressing.

This recipe makes 2 to 4 servings.

(From "Healthy Recipes for Your Nutritional Type" )

Grapefruit Fun Facts

Despite what their name may imply, grapefruits are not related to grapes. Their name is actually derived from the way they grow on the tree — in clusters, similar to these purple berries.44 Grapefruits are 75% juice. The average grapefruit provides about two-thirds of a cup of fresh-squeezed juice.45

Summary

If you're looking for the health benefits of delicious tropical grapefruits, it won't take long to find them. They're rich in vitamin C, which fights infection,46 bolsters the immune system, reduces inflammation,47 and has the ability to reduce the risk of asthma,48 osteoarthritis49 and rheumatoid arthritis.50 In addition, grapefruits contain lots of fiber and potassium, as well as folate, thiamin, vitamin B6 and calcium.51

Pink grapefruits contain lycopene, a hard-working carotenoid that lowers triglycerides,52 fights free radical damage53 and protects the skin from UV rays.54

Among many other benefits, lesser-known phytonutrients like limonin, pectin and naringenin can suppress cancerous tumors,55 lower cholesterol,56 repair DNA in prostate cancer cells and reduce the risk of colon cancer.57

With all these health benefits, don't just eat grapefruit for breakfast. Try experimenting. A fun way to enjoy grapefruit is to chop and add it to cooked shrimp and avocados with a splash of extra-virgin olive oil. Paridisi!



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